Holy Kaaba is the Qibla of all Muslims. For Muslims across the globe, Kaaba is the most beautiful place on earth. This sacred place is located in the center of the Masjid Al-Haram in Makkah. All Muslims from all over the world come here to perform Hajj and Umrah. Whenever Muslims pray, no matter wherever they are, they turn themselves towards the Holy Kaaba. Here is everything to know about the holiest place in the world. Each numbered detail in the following list relates to features noted in the above image.
01. The Hajr e Aswad
The Hajr e Aswad affixed to the wall of the Holy Kaaba is also called as the black stone. It is one of the cornerstones on the eastern corner of the Holy Kaaba. As we all know that there are four corners of the Holy Kaaba and the corner with Hajr e Aswad is always considered the most significant.
It was fixed in one piece into the wall of the Holy Kaaba by Prophet Muhammad S.A.W, in the year 605 A.D. Since then it has been broken into a number of fragments. Now it is cemented into a silver ring frame on the side of the Holy Kaaba by sticking together 3 large pieces and numerous small fragments. Apparently, it is a fragmented dark rock of black and reddish color.
Muslim pilgrims try to kiss it as it is a Sunnah. Tawaf starting and ending point is Hajr-e-Aswad. It is the stone which was brought from Jannah. Hajr-e-Aswad was white in color when came down from Paradise, but the sins of the world turned it black.
02. The door of the Holy Kaaba
A golden door is at the right wall of the Holy Kaaba 7 feet above the ground which is also called the Bab-e-Tauba which means Door of Repentance. The reason the door of Kaaba is called bab e Tauba is that for thousands of years, Muslims have been asking forgiveness holding the door of Kaaba.
Bab e Tauba is the entrance door of the Holy Kaaba on the north-eastern wall, the principal front of the Holy Kaaba. Bab e Tauba of the Holy Kaaba was made of silver in 1942 but later on, it is replaced with 300 kg gold door made by chief architect Ahmad bin Ibrahim Badr In 1979. There is a staircase made of wood. The staircase of the Bab e Tauba of the Holy Kaaba has wheels and it is used to enter Kaaba. It is usually stored in the mosque between the arch-shaped door of Banu Shaybah and the Zamzam well.
It is a rainwater spout between Rukn Iraqi and Rukn Shami made of gold. It is included in the sketch of the Holy Kaaba while rebuilding in 1627 because the rain in 1626 caused three of the four walls to collapse. It is the water spout of the Holy Kaaba extended from the roof into the Hateem. In 1627, Gutter is also added to protect the foundation and base from underground water. We have covered a detailed article about Meezab-al-Rahmah.
It is the lower part of the walls of the Holy Kaaba. It is the white marble in which the brown marble pieces inserted having the Mubarak teaching how to do Wudhu and the Prayer. Al-Shadhrawan is the remaining part of the foundation of the wall of the Holy Kaaba.
05. Hijr Ismail or Hateem
Hateem is a low wall initially part of the Holy Kaaba. It is a semi-circular or a half-circle shaped wall. It is opposite to the northwest wall of the Holy Kaaba but does not attach it. This is known as the hateem or Hijr Ismail. It is a holy place to ask for forgiveness. It is said in other traditions that it is the place where Adam (as) was forgiven by Allah for his sins. It is very difficult to find a place to perform 2 rakat salah here.
It is approximately a two-meter area along the wall between the Hajr Aswad and the Holy Kaaba’s entry door. It is sometimes considered holy or desirable for pilgrims to touch Al-Multazam of the Holy Kaaba, and confess their sins here and perform dua for forgiveness. This place is of very high spiritual importance.
The station of Ibrahim is also known as maqam-e-Ibrahim located near Kaaba. It is a large stone on which Prophet Ibrahim A.S. stood while he was constructing the upper walls of the Holy Kaaba. It is a stone sent from the heavens by Allah. It used to move up and down according to the instructions of Prophet Ibrahim A.S. Fresh and visible footprints of Hazrat Ibrahim A.S. are an amazing miracle of this stone even after hundreds of years.
08. The black stone corner
The black stone corner is the most significant corner among the four corners of the Holy Kaaba as Tawaf starts from here. It is the corner where Hajr e Aswad is affixed.
One of the four corners of the Holy Kaaba which is located on the southwest is called Ruk al Yamani. It is named Rukn-al-Yamani because it faces the countryside of Yemen. This is opposite and parallel to the Hajr e Aswad corner. Rukn-al-Yamani is the crack in the Holy Kaaba where Ali was born. Regarding the virtue of touching this Corner, it is said that Touching the Hajr e Aswad and the Yemeni Corner is Sunnah. It is Also called as Rukn-al-Junubi. The Hajr e Aswad corner comes after it.
10. Syrian corner
One of the four corners of the Holy Kaab located on the west side is called as Rukn-al-Gharbi or rukn al Shami. The Syrian corner of the Holy Kaaba comes after Hateem. It is just opposite to the Hajr e Aswad corner of the Holy Kaaba.
11. The Iraqi corner
This is the corner that comes after the Holy Kaaba’s door before one reaches Hijr Ismail. This corner of the Holy Kaaba is named as Iraqi Corner because it faces towards Iraq southeast.
12. The Kiswah
The Holy Kaaba is covered by a cloth called Kiswah. It changes every year on the 9thof Dhul Hijjah. After removing this cover, it is being cut into small pieces and gifted to the foreign Muslim dignitaries and governments.
The current cost of making the cover of the Holy Kaaba is approximately 17 million Saudi Riyals or 4.6 million US dollar. The cover is 658sq. meters long. It is made of 670 kg of pure silk. Almost 120kgs of pure gold and silver thread is used to do embroidery. There are 99 names of Allah, Kalima and the Verses of the Holy Quran in embroidery. The Kiswah is covered around the Holy Kaaba and fixed to its corners with copper rings.
13. The brown marble lines
The brown Marble strip is the marking line of the beginning and end of each circumambulation.
Source: Life in Saudi Arabia